mtDNA lineages D1g and D1h: new insights into the pioneer peopling of South America’s Southern Cone
Bodner,M.; Perego, U; Salas,A.; Röck,A.; Zimmermann,B.; Fendt,L.; Huber,G.; Gómez-Carballa,A; Woodward,S; Bandelt,H.-J.; Achilli,A.; Torroni,A.; Parson,W.
It is now widely agreed that the Native American founders originated from a Beringian source population ~15-18 thousand years ago (kya) and rapidly populated all of the New World on a Pacific coastal route. The currently identified mtDNA founders comprise the major pan-American lineages A2, B2, C1b, C1c, C1d, and D1, and the minor lineages D2a, D3, X2a, X2g, C4c, and D4h3a.